What is Clinical Depression?
Clinical Depression is a common expression used to describe those diagnosed with Major Depression, a diagnosis given by a mental health professional. Individuals are categorized based on severity (mild, moderate, severe) and frequency (single episode vs recurrent).
While symptoms vary between individuals, there are common characteristics used in the diagnostic process:
- Persistent sad, or empty mood
- Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness (pessimism)
- Irritability, especially in men
- Feelings of guilt and/or worthlessness
- Anhedonia – Loss of interest or pleasure in activities
- Decreased energy or fatigue
- Psychomotor slowing
- Difficulty concentrating and making decisions
- Difficulty sleeping and/or “early morning awakening” syndrome
- Weight changes due to appetite (increased or decreased)
- Thoughts of death, suicide or possible attempts
- Pain, headaches, or cramps with no other known physical cause
It should be noted that depression often has an insidious presentation, often runs in families, and is highly associated with symptoms of anxiety.
An In-depth Article
For a deeper look, read our recent article, "Critical Signs That You Might Be Depressed."