HIV is the infection that eventually leads to Acquired Immune deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Upon initial infection, viral load increases, causing the subsequent decrease in CD4, your body's primary infection control centre. Without treatment, CD4 continues to decline, causing vulnerability to opportunistic infection.
It is important to treat HIV from a holistic perspective. With the advent of protease inhibitors, patients can expect to live nearly as long as their non-infected peers. However, mental health considerations are often forgotten.
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