The theory of Psychodynamics was created by Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis. Freud was a neurologist from Austria, born in 1856. Freud was the first to acknowledge the power of talk therapy as a solution to mental health problems. His primary focus on on neurosis, a condition the he observed in his female patients.
Elements of Psychodynamics
According to Freud, the psyche is made up of the Id, the Ego, and the Super Ego. The job of the Ego is to balance the primal and parental demands of the Id and Super Ego. A strong Ego is able to do this through a moderate use of repression of urges into the subconscious, while managing internal critical messages. Balance is often achieved through psychotherapy.
There is no doubt that Freud's work was ahead of his time when considering his acknowledgement of early childhood experience on the adult psyche. Nevertheless, in many ways, Freud was a product of the Victorian era he lived in. Modern day feminism has reject much of Psychodynamics and Psychoanalysis as a result.