Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), is an approach to counselling from the field of Cognitive Psychology. It is used in both individual and group modalities and focuses on thought patterns as a measurable source to various problems in living.
CBT Then and Now
When discussing the relationship between cognitions and mental health, there are two notable authors with substantial contribution to the field:
Dr. Beck is globally recognized as the father of modern day cognitive therapy. He also produced a number of scales measuring psychopathology (e.g., Beck Depression Inventory). Dr. David Burns brought CBT into the mainstream with his book, "Feeling Good."
There are a number of tools commonly used by clinicians working in CBT. One of the more powerful approaches created by Dr. Burns is the, 'Triple Column Technique.' This pen and paper exercise walks the individual through a process of identifying maladaptive thoughts, labeling each with the associated cognitive distortion, followed by an appropriate replacement statement.
**For an initial walk through of theory behind Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, head on over to, "Defining Cognitive Distortions - CBT Masters Series #1".